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英国政府和爱尔兰共和国政府的不同 英文word免费下载

ThedifferencesbetweenBritishandIrishgovernmentsActually,thegovernmentoftheRepublicofIrelandisrathersimilartothegovernmentoftheUnitedKingdomofGreatBritainandNorthernIrelandForexample,theybothhavePMandthestructuresoftwocountries’parliamentsarealikeeventhoughsomenamesofIrishgovernmentarethesameasthoseofAmericaBesides,theQueeninEnglandandthePresidentinIrelandarebothsymbolicHowever,whenitcomestosomespecificaspects,theyindeedhavemanydifferences,justasthetablebelowshowsItemsBritainIrelandPoliticalsystemParliamentarydemocracyConstitutionalmonarchyRepresentativedemocracyRepublicHeadofStateNameTheMonarch(QueenElizabethII)PresidentWhocanbeHereditarykingorqueenElecteddirectlybypeople(EverycitizenofyearsofageoroveriseligibletorunforPresident)TermofofficeAslongasheorshewantsSevenyears(Apresidentcanbereelectedonceonly)FunctionsLegallyheadoftheexecutiveAnintegralpartofthelegislatureHeadofthejudiciaryCommanderinchiefofthearmedforces“supremegovernor”oftheChurchofEnglandTheGuardianoftheConstitution(refusetodissolvetheDailontheadviceofaTaoiseachwhohasceasedtoretainthesupportofamajorityintheDail)ParliamentNameSizeTheHouseofLords(peers)TheHouseofCommons(MPs)TheSenate(members)TheDail(TDs)HowtoformElectedtorepresentvotersinaconstituencyorseat“Proportionalrepresentation”FunctionsPassoflawsTaxationbyvotesSupervisionDiscussionMakinglawsExamineandcriticizegovernmentpolicyandadministrationMakerecommendations(notamendments)DiscussionGovernmentSizeAboutmembersNotlessthanandnotmorethanmembersHowtoformAllnominatedbythePMappointedbytheMonarchAllelectedmembersoftheIrishParliamentDepartmentUsuallytoMinisterIndividuallyresponsibletoParliamentfortheworkofhisdepartmentOccasionallyresponsibleformorethanoneDepartmentCabinetSignificantmembersofgovernmentchosenbythePMtoattendcabinetmeetingsAccordingtothePresidentthenominationoftheParliamentPrimeMinisterNominatedbythemonarchAppointedbythePresidentonthenominationoftheParliamentPM(headofgovernment)’smainfunctionsDecidethesizeandcompositionofthecabinetChooseanddismissmembersofthegovernmentEstablishandappointthemembersofcabinetcommitteesThechiefchanneltothemonarchNominateTanaiste,ortheDeputyPMAssigndifferentareasofresponsibilityorDepartmentofStatetomembersofthegovernmentAppointanAttorneyGeneralTheConstitutionNowrittenconstitutionsBUThasStatuteLaws,CommonLaw,ConventionsPassedbytheParliamentonth,JaneChenClass。

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